Fraunfelder jokes, based on the pictures, “It’s conclusive: owning a passport will prevent you from becoming diabetic.”
More exactly, this is the related fallacy with the latin name Cum hoc, ergo propter hoc. Those latin phrases mean “After/with this, therefore because of this.” Both of those fallacies fall in the category of Non causa, pro causa (“Non-cause for cause”). When two effects are seen, one fallaciously assumes that one effect caused the other. In reality, logic allows that the two effects are both caused by other, common causes — in this case, probably things like poverty, education, ethnic diversity, etc.
Another correct way to approach this kind of data, is to remember the statistical truth, “correlation does not imply causation.” In this case, populations that are more likely to have passports, are also more likely to have diabetes — so passport-ownership and diabetes are correlated. But that doesn’t mean that passports cause diabetes (any more than getting diabetes will get you a passport)!